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Mahatma Gandhi NREGA

Mahatma Gandhi NREGA, a flagship employment generation programme of the Government has been instrumental in creating employment opportunities and placing additional income in the hands of the poor and the disadvantaged sections of society who volunteer to do unskilled work with an entitlement of 100 days of wage employment to each registered rural household every financial year. MGNREGA is the first ever law, internationally, that guarantees wage employment at an unprecedented scale. 
            Unique features of the Act include; time bound employment guarantee and wage payment within 15 days; unemployment allowance will be paid by the state government (as per the Act) in case employment is not provided within 15 days; and emphasis on labor intensive works prohibiting the use of contractors, and machinery. The Act also mandates 1/3 per cent participation for women. The primary objective of the Act is to meet the demand for wage employment in rural areas. 
                  The works permitted under the Act address causes of chronic poverty like drought, deforestation and soil erosion, so that employment generation is sustainable. The vision and mission of this act is sustainable and inclusive growth of rural India for eradication of poverty by increasing livelihood opportunities, providing social safety net and developing infrastructure for growth. 
This is expected to improve quality of life in rural India and to correct the developmental imbalances, aiming in the process, to reach out to the most disadvantaged sections of the society. At the national level, with the average wage paid under the MGNREGA increasing from ₹ 65 in FY 2006- 07 to 115 in FY 2011-12, the bargaining power of agricultural labor has increased. Improved economic outcomes, especially in watershed activities, and reduction in distress migration are its other achievements.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS):
After independence, for the development of rural society, particularly to develop the socio-economic life of the rural poor, many schemes and programmes were launched from time to time but unfortunately the fruits of these programmes reached to a very low proportion of these people.
It was estimated about 70 per cent of rural population was still deprived of the basic necessities of life. For the purpose of extending the benefits to rural people, a new scheme was launched and legislation was enacted under the name ‘National Rural Employment Guarantee Act’ (NREGA).

              This scheme was initially started in 200 districts of the country from February 2006 and from April 2008, it has been extended to cover all the districts of the country. The main objective of the scheme is to provide 100 days employment to rural unemployed people. In this scheme, employment to women is also provided.

NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT

National rural employment guarantee act (NREGA) some time after its establishment was named National rural employment guarantee act (NREGA).
The main objective of MNREGA was "enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work".
Another aim of is to create “durable assets” such as developing roads, canals, ponds, wells etc.
The scheme was put into act to make use of the useless (unemployed) and dependent citizens of India by providing them employment and wages accordingly to every person that was liable. The people getting employment through MNREGA were given legal entitlement too.
“Right to work” is the right of every individual living in a country like India and in the areas prone to drought and flood, people suffer from many difficulties regarding their family, children, children’s education, earn money, food, shelter and with nothing left over with them after certain natural calamities and situations or due to backward regions being away from employment, it becomes their necessity to earn money and to support and nurture their family. So, the Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh launched this scheme on 2 February,2006 to provide labour and security in rural areas. This law was forced by the government as "the largest and most ambitious social security and public works programme in the world". The World Bank termed it a "stellar example of rural development".
It also promoted to self-consciousness among peoples towards protecting environment, women, literacy, employment, reduced rural-urban migration, equality etc.

In this act, all the finance and work is taken into account to ensure accountability and transparency as it provide some rules and regulations for its management which makes it more powerful and trustworthy.
But, corruption still happens as peoples does not work and still get money by online registering them on NREGA website. Some other people who are not poor also misuse this scheme.
https://india.gov.in/

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